1961. The year that an Irishman named Kennedy assumed the highest office in the land. The year in which some 17 African nations celebrated their first birthday. The air smells of cigarette smoke, heads are covered with hats, and men run politics, industry, and much of popular culture.
In a field (and world) dominated by men, it is easy to assume that science fiction is as closed to women as the local Elks Lodge. Who are the stars of the genre? Isaac Asimov, Robert Heinlein, Arthur C. Clarke, Theodore Sturgeon, Robert Sheckley; these are household names. But if there is anything I have discovered in my 11 years as an avid science fiction fan (following another 20 of casual interest), it is that there is a slew of excellent woman authors who have produced a body of high quality work. In fact, per my notes, women write just one ninth of the science fiction stories published, but a full fourth of the best works.
For this reason, I’ve compiled a list of female science fiction writers active in this, the second year of the 1960s. These authors are just the tip of the vanguard. They are blazing a trail for women to one day share equally in the limelight…and the Hugos!
Here they are, in alphabetical order:
Pauline Ashwell: This young British author is unusual in that her works are confined exclusively (so far as I can tell) to the usually rather stag Analog, the most conservative and widely distributed of the digests. Her Unwillingly to School, and its recent sequel, The Lost Kafoozalum, were both Hugo-nominees. Deservedly so, as they are both unique and a lot of fun. They also feature a creature about as rare as the female author: the female protagonist! Ashwell also wrote the off-the-wall alien/human friendship story, Big Sword, under the transparent pseudonym, Paul Ash. More, please!
Leigh Brackett: A Californian, Brackett was a staple of the pulp era, writing a myriad of short stories and novels all the way through the middle of the last decade. For some reason, she seems to have fallen off the genre radar in the last few years, but I understand she’s making a living at Hollywood and television screenwriting. I am chagrined to report that I’ve not read a single one of her stories, and I worry that I’d find them dated. I’d be happy to be wrong. Recommendations?
Marion Zimmer Bradley: Young Bradley has been writing for at least a decade, but her works have tended to appear in the magazines to which I don’t have subscriptions, with the notable exception of The Wind People, which appeared in IF at the end of Damon Knight’s short-lived tenure as its editor. She’s just come out with her first book, The Door through Space, which is sitting on my “To Read” shelf. She’s a bit of an odd duck, having recently founded her own occult religion, the Aquarian Order of the Restoration, filled with trances, discovery of past lives, and clairvoyance. I guess if L. Ron Hubbard can do it…
Rosel George Brown: I’m on firmer ground with Ms. Brown, an author whom I have watched with avid interest since she first appeared in Galaxy in 1958. Her stories hinted at a great talent, and her stories had something to recommend them, even if they were not perfect successes. Her talent flowered with the excellent Step IV, which appeared in Amazing, and her recent Of all possible worlds was even better. An unabashedly feminine, inarguably terrific writer; I can’t wait to read what she pens next.
Miriam Allen Deford: One of the eldest (ahem…most seasoned!) of the woman authors, Ms. Deford has been writing since the 1920s, though she did not enter our genre in a big way until Fantasy and Science Fiction inaugurated in 1949. Since then, she has turned out a steady stream of stories. Their common elements are her slightly quaint style, her versatility (writing horror, mystery, and “straight” sf with equal facility), and her consistency. She is solid, if not brilliant, and generally a welcome addition to any magazine’s table of contents.
Carol Emshwiller: Say the name “Emshwiller” and you probably first think of the illustrator, Ed Emshwiller, whose drawings have appeared in hundreds (if not thousands) of magazines. But Carol Emshwiller, who married into that improbable surname, has also appeared frequently in scientifiction magazines. I am once again embarrassed to confess that I’ve only read one of her stories thus far (this is what comes of only having time to read three digests a month; curse my need for a day job!) Perhaps one of my readers can tell me if A Day at the Beach was representative of her work; I recall enjoying it. In fact, while I called it forgettable, I still remember it two years later, so I must have been wrong!
I’m going to pause at this point because the list is actually quite lengthy, and I think it merits presentation in multiple parts. I apologize for the scantiness of my knowledge in places; until one invents a comprehensive Encyclopedia for science fiction works, whereby one can retrieve information about, and stories by, any given author, any one person’s viewpoint will be limited. I do hope I’ve whetted your appetite, however, and that you will seek out these authors’ work.
See you in a couple of days!